The following article originally appeared on April 28, 2016 in SelectScience here.
Dr Timothy Spicer, Assistant Professor of Molecular Therapeutics and Lead ID Director of Discovery Biology & HTS at The Scripps Research Institute, Florida, USA talked to SelectScience® about advances in cancer drug screening, being driven by 3D cell culture automation.
Dr Spicer’s research is focused on developing and optimizing technologies for high throughput screening (HTS) of any biological target, with an unmet therapeutic need. There is a huge drive in the field of cancer research to accelerate screening and maintain disease relevancy.
3D Cell Culture and HTS Screening
3D cell cultures, where cells are allowed to grow in vitro in all three dimensions, compared with traditional monolayer methodologies, are more physiologically relevant. This makes them ideal for compound screening in drug discovery. However, replacing large-scale 2D cell culture has been challenging. Dr Spicer is working in collaboration with Corning Life Sciences to improve 3D cell culture screening technology, by developing and validating non-adherent 1536-well spheroid plates. As Dr Spicer explains, “The work we’re doing now is really focused on improving the technologies. A lot of researchers have been doing 2D or a monolayer format for screening, for a long time, and they’ve found reasonable leads but ultimately most of them have failed.” These new 1536-well plates are designed to enable fast development of spheroids on a large-scale, high-density format to facilitate the screening of a huge volume of compounds. Dr Spicer remarked that it would be possible to screen the entire Scripps Drug Discovery Library, of over 650,000, compounds in less than two weeks, using this technology. The team at Scripps with Corning Life Sciences have developed, tested and validated the 1536-well spheroid plates, which are compatible with existing HTS facilities such as imagers, readers and automated workstations.
This successful collaboration is now focused on validating the 1536-well plates by screening potential cancer therapies. However, this technology will be applicable to any area of drug discovery, including central nervous system disorders, infectious, cardiovascular and metabolic diseases. The ability to produce consistent 3D cell cultures, on a large-scale, is set to transform the field of drug discovery. Enormous numbers of compounds can be screened rapidly, in a more physiologically relevant model, which will accelerate their development into the clinic and ultimately lead to new and more efficacious treatments.