The next frontier of medicine is here: biofabrication.
As technologies continue to evolve our scientific understanding and the application of advanced bioprocess engineering, biofabrication might become even more prominent in the years ahead.
In addition to whole-tissue engineering, one area that has greatly benefited from biofabricating has been cell therapy and regenerative medicine — the creation of personalized medicine and reparable tissue from raw biological materials.
And though bioprinting has earned much of the recent spotlight for its ability to deposit cellular bioinks into a 3D ecosystem of manufactured tissue that closely resembles native materials, it's not the only biomanufacturing technique available to bench researchers. As a 2018 study published in Nature Review Materials explains, biofabricated processes largely comprise bioassembly and bioprinting strategies, which can include 3D printing, plotting, and electrospinning, as well as selective laser sintering and stereolithography.